QtLocation Map Viewer (QML)

This is a large example covering many basic uses of maps, positioning, and navigation services in Qt Location. This page is divided into sections covering each of these areas of functionality with snippets from the code.

The Map Viewer example can work with any of the available geo services plugins. However, some plugins may require additional plugin parameters in order to function correctly. Plugin parameters can be passed on the command line using the --plugin argument, which takes the form:

--plugin.<parameter name> <parameter value>

Refer to the documentation for each of the geo services plugins for details on what plugin parameters they support. The Nokia services plugin supplied with Qt requires an app_id and token pair. See “Qt Location Nokia Plugin ” for details.

QML types shown in this example:

Drawing a map on-screen is accomplished using the Map type, as shown below.

Map {
    id: map
    zoomLevel: (maximumZoomLevel - minimumZoomLevel)/2
    center {
        latitude: -27.5796
        longitude: 153.1003
    }
    // Enable pinch gestures to zoom in and out
    gesture.flickDeceleration: 3000
    gesture.enabled: true
center {
    latitude: -27.5796
    longitude: 153.1003
}
}

In this example, we give the map an initial center coordinate with a set latitude and longitude. We also set the initial zoom level to 50% (halfway between the maximum and minimum).

The calls to “pinch” and “flick” are used to enable gestures on the map. The flick gesture is also sometimes known as “kinetic panning”, and provides a more intuitive feel for panning the map both on touch screens and with a mouse.

As we do not specify a plugin for supplying map data, the platform default will be used. This is typically the “nokia” plugin, which provides data from Nokia services. Additional licensing conditions do apply to the use of this data, please see the documentation for further details.

To locate a certain address or place on the map uses a process called geocoding. In order to perform a geocode operation, we first need to adjust our Map object to be able to receive the result.

Receiving results of geocoding is done through a GeocodeModel, which is typically instantiated as a property of the Map component:

property GeocodeModel geocodeModel: GeocodeModel {
}

Then, to display the contents of the GeocodeModel we use a MapItemView:

MapItemView {
    model: geocodeModel
    delegate: pointDelegate
}

MapItemView uses an object called a “delegate” to act as a template for the items it creates. This can contain any map object desired, but in this case we show a MapCircle:

Component {
    id: pointDelegate
    MapCircle {
        radius: 1000
        color: circleMouseArea.containsMouse ? "lime" : "red"
        opacity: 0.6
        center: locationData.coordinate
    }
}

With these three objects, we have enough to receive Geocode responses and display them on our Map. The final piece is to send the actual Geocode request.

In this example, we have a utility component called Dialog which we use to display the user interface requesting geocoding parameters. You can create a similar component yourself using Dialog.qml in this example as a reference, or drive the process using any other UI you wish.

To send a geocode request, first we create an Address object, and fill it in with the desired parameters. Then we set “map.geocodeModel.query” to the filled in Address, and call update() on the GeocodeModel.

InputDialog {
    id: geocodeDialog
    Address {
        id: geocodeAddress
    }
    onGoButtonClicked: {
        // manage the UI state transitions
        page.state = ""
        messageDialog.state = ""
        // fill out the Address element
        geocodeAddress.street = dialogModel.get(0).inputText
        geocodeAddress.city = dialogModel.get(1).inputText
        geocodeAddress.state = dialogModel.get(2).inputText
        geocodeAddress.country = dialogModel.get(3).inputText
        geocodeAddress.postalCode = dialogModel.get(4).inputText
        // send the geocode request
        map.geocodeModel.query = geocodeAddress
        map.geocodeModel.update()
    }
}

Similar to the GeocodeModel, Qt Location also features the RouteModel type, which allows information about routes (for example driving directions) between two or more points, to be received and used with a Map.

Here again, we instantiate the RouteModel as a property of our Map:

property RouteQuery routeQuery: RouteQuery {}
property RouteModel routeModel: RouteModel {
    plugin : map.plugin
    query: routeQuery
}

To display the contents of a model to the user, we need a view. Once again we will use a MapItemView, to display the Routes as objects on the Map:

MapItemView {
    model: routeModel
    delegate: routeDelegate
    autoFitViewport: true
}

To act as a template for the objects we wish the view to create, we create a delegate component:

Component {
    id: routeDelegate
    MapRoute {
        route: routeData
        line.color: routeMouseArea.containsMouse ? "lime" : "red"
        line.width: 5
        smooth: true
        opacity: 0.8
}

With the model, view and delegate now complete, the only missing component is some kind of control over the model to begin the Route request process. In the simplest case, we can fill out a Route request using two already available coordinates, which we store inside the RouteDialog component:

RouteDialog {
    id: routeDialog
    property variant startCoordinate
    property variant endCoordinate
}

In the next snippet, we show how to set up the request object and instruct the model to update. We also instruct the map to center on the start coordinate for our routing request.

function calculateRoute() {
    // clear away any old data in the query
    map.routeQuery.clearWaypoints();
    // add the start and end coords as waypoints on the route
    map.routeQuery.addWaypoint(startCoordinate)
    map.routeQuery.addWaypoint(endCoordinate)
    map.routeQuery.travelModes = routeDialog.travelMode
    map.routeQuery.routeOptimizations = routeDialog.routeOptimization
    map.routeModel.update();
    // center the map on the start coord
    map.center = startCoordinate;

This is all that is required to display a Route on the Map. However, it is also useful to be able to retrieve the written directions and explanation of the travel route. In the example, these are displayed in the pull-out on the left-hand side of the map. To create this pull-out’s contents, we use a standard ListModel and ListView pair. The data in the ListModel is built from the routeModel’s output:

ListModel {
    id: routeInfoModel
    property string travelTime
    property string distance
    function update() {
        clear()
        if (routeModel.count > 0) {
            for (var i = 0; i < routeModel.get(0).segments.length; i++) {
                append({
                    "instruction": routeModel.get(0).segments[i].maneuver.instructionText,
                    "distance": formatDistance(routeModel.get(0).segments[i].maneuver.distanceToNextInstruction)
                });
            }
        }
        travelTime = routeModel.count == 0 ? "" : formatTime(routeModel.get(0).travelTime)
        distance = routeModel.count == 0 ? "" : formatDistance(routeModel.get(0).distance)
    }
}

Inside the RouteModel, we add an onStatusChanged handler, which calls the update() function we defined on the model:

onStatusChanged: {
    if (status == RouteModel.Ready) {
        switch (count) {
        case 0:
            clearAll() // technically not an error
            map.routeError()
            break
        case 1:
            routeInfoModel.update()
            break
        }
    } else if (status == RouteModel.Error) {
        clearAll()
        map.routeError()
    }
}

Files:

  • mapviewer/mapviewer.qml
  • mapviewer/qmlmapviewerwrapper.cpp
  • mapviewer/content/dialogs/Message.qml
  • mapviewer/content/dialogs/RouteDialog.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/3dItem.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/CircleItem.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/ImageItem.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/MapComponent.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/Marker.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/MiniMap.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/PolygonItem.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/PolylineItem.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/RectangleItem.qml
  • mapviewer/content/map/VideoItem.qml
  • mapviewer/mapviewer.pro
  • mapviewer/mapviewerwrapper.qrc